How To Grow Peppers In Your Garden?

lIf you’re new to gardening, bell peppers are part of the basic trio (along with tomatoes and cucumbers, of course). You may be dicing your peppers to serve with hummus or dicing them to add an extra crunch to your salad. If you’re ready to learn how to grow peppers in your own garden, now is the time to get your hands dirty.

Those new to the green-fingered game can indulge themselves: growing bell peppers is actually quite easy, as long as you have a sunny patch of grass to call your own. “Peppers are a great addition to the spring and summer vegetable garden,” says urban farmer Reed Newman, founder and CEO of Revival Roots, a Los Angeles-based vegetable garden company.

Ready to harvest your own red, green and yellow beauties? Keep scrolling to find out where and when to plant these hydrating, vitamin C-rich fruits, and the steps you need to take to get your seeds ready for success. (Say that five times quickly.)

What you need to know before planting peppers

Before donning your gardening hat and gloves, make sure your outdoor space is ready for growing pepper. “Paprikas like sun and heat and won’t produce well without both. They should be planted in a spot with at least six hours of sun a day, but eight hours is even better,” he says. Erin Schenen, Troy Bilt garden partner, master garden volunteer and maker of The Impatient Gardener blog and Youtube Channel† In other words, if your garden is shady, peppers are not the fruit for you.

That said, if you look at your garden in the sun and find it habitable for peppers, you’ll want to wait until late spring and summer — or until you experience consistently 70-degree days — to plant these babies.

How to grow peppers

1. Buy seeds, or a small pepper plant, at the garden center

If you want to grow your peppers from a seed pack, you can start your growing project about 10 weeks before the last frost of the season. “Tit works best if you have a grow light as peppers need a lot of light at all stages and even a sunny window probably won’t provide enough light,” says Schanen.

You can sow your seeds in a finely textured seed starter mix or use soil blocks. You also want to put your sown in a warm place, for example on your refrigerator. Once they sprout, move them under the grow light. †When the roots have filled the cell, move the seedling to a larger two- to three-inch pot. Pinch or cut off the main stem to leave two sets of leaves when the plant is about eight inches tall. This creates more branching, which leads to a bigger harvest,” explains Schanen.

Of course, you can save yourself a lot of trouble (and possibly heartache) by waiting for warmer weather, buying a baby pepper plant from your local nursery, and giving up. Well, you do.

2. Prepare the ground

“Make sure to plant the peppers in a high-quality organic soil mix mixed with organic compost,” says Newman. “That way the peppers get the nutrients they need to thrive.”

Pro tip: Peppers prefer a growing medium with a high pH to combat Blossom End Rot, a condition where the fruit will form with a small spot at the end that will rot and make the pepper inedible. “The best insurance against Blossom End Rot is to sprinkle a handful of organic dolomite lime when planting in the garden. The lime raises the pH of the soil, preventing Blossom End Rot from occurring,” adds Newman.

3. Keep the soil well hydrated

Peppers are thirsty fruit, so be sure to keep an eye on their soil. †[Peppers] appreciate consistent watering, between one and two inches of water per week to maintain consistently moist, but not wet, soil,” says Schanen. You can measure this 2-inch water allotment with a can of tuna.” Water the plant well at the base of the plant at the time of planting and maintain constant moisture from then on,” says Schanen.

4. Give the peppers moral support and real support

“Most peppers do need some support, such as a small tomato cage, and it’s good to set these in place when planting,” Schanen says. Make sure to pack the soil tightly around the cage so as not to create air bubbles that could interrupt your baby pepper’s watering later. “After the pepper plant grows to about 6 inches (15 cm) tall, it can be moved to a larger container or directly into the garden,” says Newman.

5. Harvest the peppers

Hurrah! It’s harvest day… or is it? “Most peppers start to form with a green color that slowly changes color over time. Once the peppers change color completely – as long as you don’t grow green peppers – they are ready to be harvested and attached to the stem. picked,” says Newman. †

While it’s tempting to pick your peppers early, waiting is the best choice to enjoy the most flavorful, nutritious fruit — so hold your horses. “It is also best to harvest the fruits as soon as they are ready. The sole purpose of a bell pepper plant is to propagate, and as a result, the fruit will grow to drop seeds nearby. fruits when they are ready will encourage the plant to produce more fruit,” he explains. This way you can enjoy your peppers all summer long.

If you really like the slightly bitter, savory taste of green peppers, just pick some of the fruit off the stems before they are ‘ripe’. In this way you stimulate your plant to grow and you can enjoy a diverse range of peppers.

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